Wiki Abridged: Bou’in-Zahra Earthquake

Area affected

The Bou'in-Zahra earthquake happened on the 22nd of June, 2002. With a magnitude of 6.3, it happened in a northwestern region of Iran. The region that was hit lies just above the gap between the Arabian Plate and the Eurasian Plate, and it has minor quakes on a daily basis. This particular earthquake caused quite some damage; it started at 07:28 (Iran Standard Time), when most people affected were still at home. The quake lasted a total of seven seconds, but seconds can be deadly with powerful shaking. Even though the big earthquake lasted seconds, there were more than twenty aftershocks.
The numbers are 261 dead, 1,500 injured, and an estimate of 25,000 made homeless. There was also about 5,000 buildings completely destroyed without hope of repair. More damage occurred with the aftershocks too, the strongest one reaching 5.1 on the Richter Scale. The historic Kharaqan towers, which were 900 years old, just collapsed, leading to believe that an earthquake as powerful as the Bou'in-Zahra one hadn't happened in 900 years. There was also damage to water supplies and water pipes, causing low water quantity and quality. Total damage costs amounted to 63,000,000 euros (63 million).
As with any natural disaster, help and people were sent by charities and organisations. Even George Bush, president at the time, offered his help, but Iran refused to aquiesce his request. Bush had previously called Iran an 'axis of evil'. The country did accept gladly any help it was given from non-governmental agencies though. Within three days of the accident, electricity was back up and in August 2003, the crisis was considered over and most of the damage was repaired, after a four month delay due to jarring weather.

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